Allergic rhinitis/hayfever is due to an antigen-antibody reaction in the nasal mucosa. If the antigens responsible are only pollen particles then it is seasonal Allergic Rhinitis or hayfever. Allergic Rhinitis/Hayfever develops when an inhaled allergen adheres to mast cells in the nasal epithelium. High levels of IgE antibodies adhere to their surface and, after subsequent close exposures, results in a massive antihistamine release. Sneezing results from an overstimulation of nerve endings and starts within minutes of allergens entering the nose. This is followed by greatly increased nasal secretions, nasal blockage and can lead to sinusitus.
In Chinese Medicine it is sometimes known as "Bi Yuan" or "nose pool".
Western Medicine treatment for Allergic Rhinitis/hayfever relies mostly on antihistamines. Steroids by nasal inhalation are also used.
In Chinese Medicine the main clinical manifestations mentioned with Bi Yuan (Allergic Rhinitis/hayfever) are runny nose, headache, sneezing, purulent nasal discharge with foul smell, and stuffy nose.
Bi Yuan (Allergic Rhinitis/hayfever) is due to repeated invasions of Wind and Cold in the Lung channel which are incorrectly addressed. If the Coldness is left untreated it may turn to Heat showing symptoms changing from runny clear mucus, stuffiness, and yellow purulent mucus- the ailment has progressed.
In Chinese Medicine it is important to distinguish the signs and symptoms correctly.
The practitioners at Newcastle Chinese Medicine Centre will use acupuncture and/or Chinese herbal medicines to alleviate the discomfort.